History research

The study  ‘In Nederland Gebleven’ (Remained in the Netherlands) by Henk Smeets and Fridus Steijlen was published in 2006 as a main study containing the additional studies;  ‘Andere verhalen’ (Alternative stories), ‘Molukkers in Zeeland’ (Moluccans in Zeeland) and "Tussen tjakalele en carnaval. Molukkers in Brabant' (a study about Moluccans in Brabant).

In Nederland gebleven
“In Nederland Gebleven” (Remained in the Netherlands) tells the comprehensive story of the Moluccan population in this country. Starting from the transfer of sovereignty from Indonesia in 1949, followed by the exodus to Holland in 1951 and the difficult times which occurred during the 1970s. A period of rapid integration lead to the beginning of the 21th century when civil war in the motherland produced unrest in the Netherlands. The conclusion tells us that Moluccans in the Netherlands are doing far better than previously, but for a portion of the population the integration process is far from completed.


Andere verhalen

Most of the current Moluccan population in the Netherlands originate from Moluccans serving in the former Dutch Colonian Army (KNIL) and their relatives. There is also a relatively small group of Moluccans that came to Holland under different circumstances or that had a different professional background. Historian Tonny van der Mee and cultural anthropologist Domingo Tomasouw investigated such stories. Nine different groups are being discussed in this study, amongst them the Marine Moluccans, stowaways from 1958 and members of the East Indonesian police force.
Price: 17,50 euro

Molukkers in Zeeland, 1951 - 2009
In this publication (Moluccans in Zeeland, 1951-2009) researchers Henk Smeets and Corzas Nanuruw  have recorded the history of the Moluccans that settled in the dutch province of Zeeland. Initially they were housed in 18 so-called camps, later in the 60s in suburbs so as to be closer to the Dutch society. Residential areas were then built and homes were provided in Middelburg, Oost-Souburg, Koudekerke and Vlissingen to house the 600 Moluccans.
The study describes how at first the Moluccans found a hospitable reception in Zeeland, but also how the situation got complicated in the time after that. Their dismissal from military service damaged the relationship with the Dutch government. In Zeeland this lead to the opposition of the PNMS, the Moluccan lobby group. This coincided with conflict arising within the Moluccan population.
During this period Moluccans became a common sight on the streets, in schools, as members of sports club and as workers. During the North Sea Flood in 1953 Moluccans helped in reinforcing the dykes. Not all was well however, as brawls occurred in Middelburg and Vlissingen.
A majority of the Moluccans in Zeeland supported RMS (Independent Republic of the South Moluccas) and president Manusama. Second generation youngsters from Oost-Souburg chose the anti-imperialistic movement. After the hijackings (1975 -1977) Moluccans living in Zeeland started orientating more to Dutch society as they have been until present day.